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Types of Urinary Incontinence

Published: Jan 16, 2011

Adult DiapersUrinary Incontinence is the inability to control your bladder which causes the involuntary passage of urine. There are seven types Urinary Incontinence:

Overflow Incontinence

Individuals who frequently urinate or experience dribbling are unable to empty their bladders causing a constant full bladder. This is usually the cause of weak bladder muscles due to nerve damage from diabetes or other diseases. This condition can also occur from kidney stones, enlarged prostates in men or a birth defect.

Stress Incontinence

The involuntary leak of urine during exercise, lifting, sneezing or coughing due to sudden pressure is known as Stress Incontinence. This type of Incontinence is common among women with weak pelvic muscles, weakening in the wall between the vagina and the bladder or from a change in the position of the bladder. This condition is usually developed as a result of pregnancy and child birth. Other causes are weak bladder muscles, damage to the nerves controlling the bladder and hormones imbalance. Prostate cancer or prostate surgery is usually the case when men develop this condition.

Urge Incontinence

While sleeping, drinking or listening to running water can cause the sudden urge to urinate in this condition. This is also known as spastic bladder, reflex or overactive bladder. This is common in the elderly who have to the urge to urinate more than seven times daily and two times at night. This symptom may occur from urinary infection in the bladder or kidneys. Other symptoms include stroke, removal of prostate, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Mixed Incontinence

A number of patients suffer from Stress & Urge Incontinence. This is common mostly in women and what causes the two may or may not be related.

Temporary Incontinence

This condition is usually developed by an infection in the urinary tract or vagina. Severe constipation, sleeping pills, muscle relaxants and narcotics such as morphine can also be the cause.

Functional Incontinence

This is most common among elderly patients with arthritis, Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease. Due to limitations in moving and thinking, these patients are unable to control their bladder before reaching the bathroom.

Anatomic or developmental abnormalities

A leak in the urinary system or an abnormal opening between the bladder can cause Incontinence. After trauma, disease or damage to part of the nervous system patients often lose normal bladder function. The damage can use the bladder to be over or under active.

In addition, children over the age of five wet their beds because they are unable to control their bladder. Patients who suffer from different types of Incontinence usually wear disposable briefs and liners.

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